Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research 2022-12-08T11:59:42+01:00 Katja Mruck Open Journal Systems <p><em>FQS</em> is a peer-reviewed multilingual online journal for qualitative research. <em>FQS</em> issues are published three times a year. Selected single contributions and contributions to the journal's regular features <em>FQS</em> Reviews, <em>FQS</em> Debates, <em>FQS</em> Conferences and <em>FQS</em> Interviews are part of each issue. Additionally, thematic issues are published according to prior agreement with the <em>FQS </em>Editors<em>.</em></p> <p><em>FQS</em> is an <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">open-access</a> journal, so all articles are available free of charge and published under a <a href="fqs/submission/copyright">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <ul> <li class="show">Current Issue: <a href="fqs/issue/current">Current</a></li> <li class="show">Back Issues: <a href="fqs/issue/archive">Archives</a></li> </ul> <p>Please <a href="fqs/user/register">register</a> if you are interested to receive our newsletter, distributed three times per year to inform about new publications and other news, important for qualitative researchers.</p> Traces of Interaction in Digital Space: On the Tension Between Public Accessibility and Anonymity in Qualitative Research Processes 2022-09-28T11:13:10+02:00 Susann Bischof Franziska Lengerer Frank Meyer <p>Qualitative researchers increasingly use Web 2.0 in various phases of the research process. Both researchers and research participants leave digital traces of their interactions online, often in an unreflective manner. The consequences for anonymity have, however, been only sporadically explored in the literature. With this article, we aim to contribute to the debate on research ethics, data protection, and data management. Based on a fictional case description, we identify three types of interaction traces in digital space: traces of recruitment, traces of public relations work, and traces of participation. These traces can lead to an involuntary and potentially detrimental de-anonymization of participants. By conducting a systematic literature review on anonymity and the use of Web 2.0 in qualitative research, we summarize practical ways of dealing with the identified traces of interaction in digital space and summarize them in a checklist for reflecting on and documenting one's own activities in social media. Our goal is to raise awareness among qualitative researchers about data that is often produced casually online and to encourage an exchange about the diverse decisions that researchers and research participants make when communicating and presenting themselves in Web 2.0.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Frank Meyer, Susann Bischoff, Franziska Lengerer Spectrums of Participation: A Framework of Possibility for Participatory Inquiry and Inquirers 2022-09-28T11:13:12+02:00 Meagan Call-Cummings Karen Ross <p>Using examples from our own inquiry experiences, we seek to identify the ontological and epistemological commitments we have as participatory researchers and to discuss how participation in social inquiry can look different in varied contexts. We turn to foundational literature on participatory action research as well as philosophies and theories of participation to unpack assumptions that may underlie our expectations of what "counts" as "good" participation. Our goal is to add nuance to and push back against binary conceptualizations of participation and to move toward understanding participation as a set of epistemological commitments rather than a set of methods that, if used, may somehow add up to a sum of "good enough." Ultimately, our goal is to contribute to ongoing discussions around the possibilities of participation for those who may be drawn to participatory inquiry but who may feel like it is not viable because of various constraints.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Meagan Call-Cummings, Karen Ross Secondary Analysis of Job Placement Interviews of the German Federal Employment Agency. A Research Report 2022-12-08T11:59:42+01:00 Tobias Gebel <p>Secondary analysis of qualitative interview data is related to the potential for re-analyzing existing data from a new research focus and theoretical perspective. Few examples of this application exist, where the decisions made in the research process and the implementation steps are empirically demonstrated on the basis of a concrete secondary analysis. With the present study I intend to provide such examples. For this purpose, a qualitative secondary analysis of dialogues between job agents and unemployment workers is used to report on the challenges and methodological implications of such a research strategy. Further, the benefits and limitations are discussed with respect to the specific research context. The interview data for the secondary analysis came from a process evaluation conducted by the German Institute for Employment Research (IAB) following a structural change in the employment agencies of the German Federal Employment Agency. In contrast, the research interest of the secondary analysis was fundamentally different. Rather than evaluating the result of structural changes in the primary research, I focused on the decision-making processes in the course of job-placement by public employment agencies in the secondary analysis.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tobias Gebel Qualitative Interview Research With Vulnerable Groups: Methodological Reflections on the Use of Face-to-Face, Telephone, and Video Interviews in a Research Project Examining Fear and Mobility 2022-09-28T11:13:09+02:00 Gerit Götzenbrucker Michaela Griesbeck Kai Preibisch <p>Our aim in this article is to methodologically reflect on different qualitative forms of face-to-face, telephone, and video interviews for research with vulnerable groups. We address the key question of how people with anxiety disorders can be involved in qualitative research projects and what advantages and challenges are associated with the different (analogue and digital) forms of data collection. The basis for the comparison is formed by 12 semi-structured interviews (KRUSE, 2015), which were carried out in different modes as part of the research project "Mobility Without Fear" during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our comparison of the qualitative instruments is carried out with regard to planning interviews, interview practice, distortions, and validity and in terms of depth of content (from superficial to profound) and time and documentation efforts. Advantages and challenges are presented for both the interviewees and the interviewers. Moreover, we describe research-ethical considerations, which are to be taken in the course of interview planning, recruiting, and communicating, in order to protect vulnerable target groups, and we give specific recommendations for conducting qualitative interviews with people affected by anxiety disorders.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gerit Götzenbrucker, Michaela Griesbeck, Kai Preibisch Grounded Theory Method and Symbolic Interactionism: Freedom of Conceptualization and the Importance of Context in Research 2022-09-28T11:13:12+02:00 Sarah Hewitt Jane Mills Karen Hoare Nicolette Sheridan <p>Symbolic interactionism (SI), a perspective used to understand human conduct, is commonly said to underpin grounded theory methodology (GTM). However, the purpose of GTM is to produce substantive explanatory social theory from data without reliance on prior assumptions. Therefore, some argue that SI is an unnecessary theoretical constraint on the principal aim of GTM—the free<em> conceptualization</em> of data. In this article we use examples from an ongoing constructionist grounded theory study into the negotiation of nurses' roles in general practice in New Zealand, to demonstrate how SI can inform GTM regarding conceptual development and context. We argue that by asking three questions from a symbolic interactionist perspective, at each stage of the research process, freedom of conceptualization may be enhanced and awareness of contextual matters promoted to better bridge world views.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sarah Louise Hewitt, Jane Mills, Karen Hoare, Nicolette Sheridan Primary School Children's Perspectives on Healthy Sleep: A Participatory Pilot Study With Photovoice 2022-09-28T11:13:11+02:00 Janna Landwehr <p>Getting sufficient sleep is critical for the physical and psychological development of children. In previous studies, the focus has been on pathogenetic approaches to disturbed or insufficient sleep. Population-based interventions, which are still rare and mostly based on an educational perspective, do not appear to have lasting effects. In order to develop sustainable and effective health promotion interventions, it is thus important to explore the influencing factors and to develop these together with children. Participatory health research with children is still rare and has methodological and ethical issues. Photovoice in the context of qualitative research with children has been discussed as a promising approach. In this article, results of a pilot study on determinants influencing healthy sleep from the perspective of primary school children are presented. In addition, the participatory development of the results is reflected in relation to the methodological proceedings with photovoice.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Janna Landwehr Collaborative Ethnography With Social Movements: Key Dimensions and Challenges 2022-09-29T08:19:20+02:00 Alberto Arribas Lozano <p>In this article, I explore collaborative ethnography as a means to bridge theory and practice, knowledge and action, in social movement research, and to produce knowledge that is relevant and useful both inside and outside academia. For this purpose, I will present a group of interconnected dimensions and challenges that shape the practice of research collaboration with social movements: a situated, artisanal and experimental ethos regarding method and outcomes; elements of shared authority, co-decision, co-analysis, and co-theorization in fieldwork; the decentered role of scholars; the tension between academic and extra-academic relevance; the link between trust, access, and collaboration; epistemic and methodological questions of writing and representation; the significance of time for weaving and sustaining collaboration; and the ways in which the actors involved relate to knowledge-practices and theory production. These eight dimensions illustrate how ethnographic collaboration takes place (or fails to materialize) in actual research projects, highlighting elements that will facilitate or hinder the co-production of knowledge with our co-researchers.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alberto Arribas Lozano Addressing Pragmatic Contexts, Multiple Modalities, and Cultural Archives in Metaphor Analysis: The Example of Organ Donation 2022-09-28T11:13:10+02:00 Larissa Pfaller <p>In this article I address the essence of the cognitive linguistics definition of metaphor: the transfer of meaning from a source domain to a target domain. In particular, the question of identifying, discussing, and methodologically expanding the understanding of metaphorical source domains becomes virulent, which allows for further differentiation of the potential of metaphor analysis as a method of qualitative social research. For this purpose, I present three empirical cases from the field of organ donation, which do not allow for a straightforward answer to the question of the respective source domain on the word-semantic level and therefore allow for a more in-depth methodological discussion. In the analysis of the three cases, I show how the identification of the source domain can be systematically translated into questions about the pragmatic contexts, the modality of the respective representation, and the cultural archives from which conceptions of organ donation are drawn. Through such an exploration, seemingly metaphorically unsuspicious elements of communication about organ donation can be identified as metaphors after all. On this basis, we not only gain insight into the multi-layered metaphorics of organ donation, but the potential of the methodological toolkit of metaphor analysis as a multimodal and contextualizing method also becomes apparent.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Larissa Pfaller Between Research and Organization: On the Reflection on the Subjectivity and Role-Related Involvement in (Ethnographic) Higher Education Research 2022-09-28T11:13:09+02:00 Julia Schweitzer <p>Higher education research is characterized by special conditions for researchers: They research their own living environment (i.e., the university) and thus have to oscillate between their research and their membership in the organization. I approach these special conditions in this article by taking a research methodological perspective. In doing so, the discussion about researcher's’ subjectivity serves as a starting point to examine the associated problems enumerated in the methodological literature. The focus is on perspectives from ethnography, specifically aspects of strangeness and familiarity, as well as higher education research as insider research (BRANNICK &amp; COGHLAN, 2007). Bringing these discussion threads together, I develop a model of role-related involvement in (ethnographic) higher education research. To provide a productive approach, I mark reflection as a central measure to overcome the supposed problems, following BREUER's (2003) call for a reorientation of the researcher’s role. Finally, to deal with subjectivity, I propose concrete reflective questions for higher education researchers with a focus on their role-related involvement.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Julia Schweitzer "In Universities, the Religious People Keep Their Mouths Shut": Solving an Interdiscursive Problem in Higher Education Literacy Practices 2022-09-28T11:13:11+02:00 Paul Vincent Smith <p>Religious faith, despite being a protected characteristic under UK law, is under-studied in higher education. In this article, I answer the call for studies that demonstrate the difference that religious adherence can make to the student experience of higher education instruction and assessment. In my qualitative study, I used ideas from ethnomethodology, FOUCAULT's archaeological work, academic literacies, and the Wittgensteinian perspective of WINCH to characterise the meeting of religious faith and sociological constructionism as a discursive problem occasioned by a born-again Christian student. I show how this discursive problem was described after it had been solved, pragmatically if not academically, in the student's writing. The solution comprised an interdiscursive technique of presenting faith-inspired ideas without pressing them into the service of an argument structure. My analysis of materials demonstrates a series of considerations that would not be relevant to non-religious students.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Paul Vincent Smith You Are My Way to the Universe: Critical Collective Research Through Feminist Community Building 2022-09-28T11:13:10+02:00 Pengfei Zhao Dajanae Palmer Samantha Silberstein Alycia Elfreich Suparna Bose Sylvia Washington Pooja Saxena Lucinda Carspecken Barbara Dennis <p>In this article, we draw on the scholarship of feminist communitarianism to develop a critique of the predominant neoliberal qualitative social research collaboration model. We argue that feminist theories and praxis about community building and political activism have the potential to transcend the highly institutionalized, individualistic, and managerialist collaborative culture. Feminist insights can help today's researchers navigate collaborative research and address key issues such as reflexivity, consensus formation, knowledge validation, and group solidarity. We use our own work in the Feminist Research Collective and in the WomenWeLove project to present an alternative orientation and a collective way to enact transformative research. This feminist intervention against the neoliberal research culture contributes to the ongoing reflections of how we produce knowledge via qualitative social research and why we shall do so in the current historical juncture, expands our imaginations of researchers' responsibilities, and engenders new possibilities for resistance and emancipation.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pengfei Zhao, Dajanae Palmer, Samantha Silberstein, Alycia Elfreich, Suparna Bose, Sylvia Washington, Pooja Saxena, Lucinda Carspecken, Barbara Dennis An Asian American Woman's Reflexive Account of Direct Research With Incels 2022-09-28T11:13:09+02:00 Sarah Daly <p>Incels, or involuntarily celibate men, have been the subject of increasing attention around the world due to their ongoing association with high-profile violence, misogyny, and hateful online content. While prior researchers have focused on online forums as a resource to study incel issues, in my recent work I involved the recruitment and interviewing of incels using a phenomenological approach to better examine their experiences. Given the nature of incel forum discussions in which particularly Asian women were often maligned and degraded, I provide a reflective and reflexive examination of my identities in the context of this research. In this narrative, I describe my personal reactions to hurtful and hateful content and how I have navigated difficult or uncomfortable situations in interviews. I also describe how they have influenced my perspectives and what this means for the future of my work.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sarah Daly Review: Miko-Schefzig, Katharina (2022). Forschen mit Vignetten. Gruppen, Organisationen, Transformation [Research Using Vignettes. Groups, Organizations, Transformation] 2022-09-28T11:13:09+02:00 Michael Wutzler <p>Few introductions to qualitative research cover the use of vignettes for different methods and study designs in qualitative social research, and are aimed at varied groups of readers. One exception is MIKO-SCHEFZIG's "Research with Vignettes," in which she illustrates different facets and potentials for using vignettes in qualitative research. She focuses on concepts of situations and characterizes her research design as participatory and transformative. The strength of the book lies in the exposition of the original research design and empirical findings. General possibilities, challenges, and limits of research with vignettes are discussed, but given that this is an introductory text, they are discussed in a rudimentary manner.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Michael Wutzler