Attitudes and Perceptions of the Brazilian Public Health System by Transgender Individuals

Kátia Bones Rocha, Lúcia Helena Rubim Barbosa, Carolina Zambom Barboza, Prisla Ücker Calvetti, Fernanda Torres de Carvalho, Elder Cerqueira Santos, Júlia Schneider Hernel, Andreína Da Silva Moura

Abstract


This study aims to describe how transgender people perceive services offered by the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS). This qualitative study, using the phenomenological technique, is based on eight semi-structured interviews conducted with individuals whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex they were assigned at birth. Each interview was evaluated by two interviewers and a content analysis performed by all members of the research group.
The analysis identified the following categories as having high relevance to the participants’ experiences: homophobia, receptiveness, and humanization, access to health care, and suggestions to improve the SUS. Information shared by participants emphasized their belief that health care professionals are not adequately prepared to assist transgendered individuals and that health care providers should use a more sensitive approach towards them. A recurrent theme was the need to use appropriate and socially acceptable terminology when providing health care services in order to facilitate transgendered individuals' inclusive treatment. Despite the effort of Brazilian authorities, there is a need for significant improvement in health care practices in order to comply with SUS quality standards.
This study highlights the importance of qualitative investigations to improve planning and to help define public health policies with the goal of including the most vulnerable and marginalized groups of the population.
URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902281

Keywords


transgender; phenomenological technique; content analysis; homophobia; health care; humanization; qualitative research; Brazil



Copyright (c) 2009 Kátia Bones Rocha, Lúcia Helena Rubim Barbosa, Carolina Zambom Barboza, Prisla Ücker Calvetti, Fernanda Torres de Carvalho, Elder Cerqueira Santos, Júlia Schneider Hernel, Andreína Da Silva Moura

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