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Author Guidelines

Currently, only English and German submissions are accepted.

Contributions, belonging to thematic issues, should be submitted to the editors of the respective issue. Single contributions and contributions for the various FQS Sections should be submitted online.

Before sending in your contribution, please ensure that FQS guidelines for submissions are followed. This is absolutely necessary as it minimizes the workload and increases the turnaround period. The guidelines follow to a great extent the conventions of the American Psychological Association (see; for an online summary see Please also take a look at contributions published so far.

To ensure a successful review process, please make sure the contribution has the following components:

The main text

The main text should be structured as follows:

  • Title of the contribution
  • Abstract: 100 to 200 words, if possible in English, German and Spanish
  • Key words: 5-10
  • Text: see the notes below for text layout
  • Acknowledgments (optional)
  • References: see the notes below for text layout
  • Appendix: (optional)
  • Author information: brief biographical information. We recommend that authors give at least some information about the research/work interest and the discipline of study. At the very least, the complete postal address should be included, and if existent: the URL for the Web site and the e-mail address.


Please use one of the following templates while writing your text:

Review EssayDownloadDownloadDownload
Conference ReportDownloadDownloadDownload
Conference EssayDownloadDownloadDownload

Illustrations, tables and graphics

Illustrations, tables and graphics should be numbered consecutively in the text as Table 1, Table 2 etc. or Illustration 1, Illustration 2 etc. and additionally be given a title. The tables, illustrations and graphics are to be sent as extra documents (if applicable as GIF or JPEG files) to the Editorial Staff. It is important that space markers for overviews, tables and graphical material in the text are numbered accordingly and that the numbers and titles are identical in the non textual files. You may send an additional Word or Adobe file or a printed copy of the text in which one can see the layout as you would like to have it (structure, tables, and so on).

Formatting your contribution

The following passages provide information for the layout of the main text.


The headings in the text are to be numbered consecutively, main headings with 1., 2., 3. and so on; sub-headings with 1.1, 1.2, and so on; further sub-headings with respectively 1.1.1, 1.1.2 etc.

The headings are separated from the text with one line before and after the heading (irrespective of the degree of specification).


An emphasis within the text is to be marked in italics.


Additional/supplementary pieces of text that give further information regarding the main text may be organized as annexes and placed at the end of the text. It is important that every annex is given a title. With more than one annex, the annexes are to be numbered consecutively. Markers/references to these annexes can be given in the main text; without a reference it is not possible to create a link between the main text and sub-texts.

References and citations

References to author(s) should be made by providing the author's name(s) and the year of publication, in citations, additionally the page number(s) in print or rather (if available) the paragraph number in online publications. Citations should be marked with double quotation marks and with information regarding the source, and it should look like this:

(NAME, year, number)

Citations for quotations are enclosed by simple quotation marks.

Authors can be mentioned in the text by a) naming them in parentheses or b) mentioning them in the running text; in this case, optionally, the first name of the author can also be given in the first case.

Example for a):

... (GLASER & STRAUSS, 1967, p.45) ...

Example for b):

Barney GLASER and Anselm STRAUSS (1967, p.45) suggested ...

Citations with more than 40 words should have quotation marks and be set apart from the text in a new line.

Always write the last names of all authors mentioned in the text in capital letters, when mentioned in the running text or in parentheses. (Do not capitalize authors last names in the list of references!). Do not use small capitals, since they change into lowercase letters when transported in HTML.

Citations that have two authors, both authors should be mentioned in the text, in the cases where the citations have 3-5 authors, all authors should be mentioned in the first citation, thereafter only give the first author, supplemented with et al. With more than five authors, the initial citation should only mention the first author, supplemented by et al. In the bibliography, a complete naming of all of the authors should be included.

List of references

The bibliography is to be produced recursively, i.e. all of the literature citations which are given in the text should be included in the bibliography and the bibliography should only have the literature which is mentioned in the text.

If possible, please always include the full first names of the authors in the bibliography (not just the initial). The literature is to be organized alphabetically by the names of the first authors. In case of reference to more than one publication by the same author, the order is ascending in correspondence to the publication year. When citing several publications of one author from the same year, then these are to be marked (at the end of the citation) with a, b, c etc. in accordance to their appearance in the text.

In the bibliography, monographs must include the title of the book, for contributions within an edited book, the title of the edited book, for contributions from journals, the title of the journal—all titles should be in cursive style. Additionally, if possible, in those cases translations are cited, the original title should be added to the end of the citation with the complete bibliographic information.

Examples: Book

Spradley, James (1980). Participant observation. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Editor as author

Morse, Janice (Ed.) (1992). Qualitative health research. Newbury Park, California: Sage.

Article in an edited book

Fielding, Nigel G. (1993). Ethnography. In Nigel Gilbert (Ed.), Researching social life (pp.154-171). London: Sage.

Journal article

Lazarsfeld, Paul F. (1937). Some remarks on the typological procedures in social research. Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung, 6(2), 119-139.

Please send us an e-mail if you have any questions.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission fits the scope of FQS.
  2. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided to the Editor).
  3. It is the responsibility of the author, not of FQS, to obtain permission to use any previously published and/or copyrighted material.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. Male bias in language in the submission has been avoided.
  6. Existing discussions, already published in FQS, had been acknowledged sufficiently.
  7. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  8. Pls. make sure to avoid anthropomorphisms for clarity (APA 6, sec. 3.09 “Precision and Clarity,” p. 69); not articles, but researchers/authors describe, analyze, discuss, etc.
  9. In the case of texts from non-native speakers, the text should be thoroughly proof-read by a native speaker before submitting.

Copyright Notice

All articles in FQS are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing rights without restrictions.

Upon submitting a contribution, the FQS editors have the right, after a successful peer review, to publish it. The contributions submitted should be original ones. They should not have been published or submitted for publishing at any other point in time in a similar form or with generally the same content. It is the responsibility of the author, not of FQS, to obtain permission to use any previously published and/or copyrighted material.

Reprints of contributions already published elsewhere are only accepted if (a) it appeals to the interests of the FQS readers and it has not already reached a wide audience and if (b) it is assured that the copyright owner allows the reprint (in the case the submitting person is not the copyright owner). If these conditions are fulfilled, FQS may accept reprints, which will be published with reference to the place of the first publication.

FQS has the right to publish any contribution e.g. on CD-ROM or for selected print editions at any time in the future. In that case, the respective authors will be informed. 

For further questions, feel free to contact us via e-mail.


Privacy Statement

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We use this data to guide our work in publishing and improving FQS. Data that will assist in developing our publishing platform (Open Journal Systems) may be shared with its developer, the Public Knowledge Project (PKP), in an anonymized and aggregated form, with appropriate exceptions such as article metrics. The data will not be sold by FQS or PKP nor will it be used for purposes other than those stated here. The authors who publish in FQS are responsible for the human subject data that figures in the research reported here. Those involved in editing FQS seek to be compliant with industry standards for data privacy, including the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provision for "data subject rights" that include 1. breach notification; 2. right of access; 3. the right to be forgotten; 4. data portability; and 5. privacy by design. The GDPR also allows for the recognition of "the public interest in the availability of the data," which has a particular saliency for those involved in maintaining, with the greatest integrity possible, the public record of scholarly publishing.