Poverty Generations: The Biographical Family Interview as a Methodological Key to Research on the Transmission of Poverty

  • Daniela Schiek Universität Duisburg-Essen
Keywords: poverty research, social inequality, generations, interpretative social research, group discussion, biographical family interview, collective narrating

Abstract

In research on the intergenerational transmission of poverty, life paths are largely defined by what the individuals have learned in childhood. Little research on this topic assumes the possibility of permanent interaction processes, which preserve experiences, but also transform them, even in adulthood. Accordingly, the focus of this research is rarely directed at intergenerational relations and interactions. In this article, I use data from my own research to argue how important and meaningful such an intergenerational and interpretative research perspective can be, not only theoretically but also methodologically. Thus, studies that focus on the relationships between family members provide significant insights into the processes of negotiating values and lifestyles. However, due to their concentration on individual interviews, many studies cannot focus on the permanence and reciprocity of the transmission. In contrast, biographical group discussions with families, in which parents and their adult children negotiate their stories show that poverty is less not an early fixed and impenetrable heritage as it is discussed by the majority of poverty researchers. The intergenerational transmission of poverty is rather a negotiation by family members.

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Author Biography

Daniela Schiek, Universität Duisburg-Essen

Daniela SCHIEK (Dipl.-Soz., Dr. phil.) ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an der Universität Duisburg-Essen. Sie hat von 2014 bis 2016 die Professur für Mikrosoziologie an der Universität Hamburg vertreten und im Sommersemester 2016 die Professur für qualitative Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung an der Fakultät für Soziologie der Universität Bielefeld. Ihre Arbeitsschwerpunkte sind neben der Methodologie qualitativer Methoden die Arbeits- und Lebenslaufsoziologie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung sozialer Ungleichheit sowie die Soziologie der Geschlechterverhältnisse. Veröffentlichungen sind u.a. "Using asynchronous written online communications for qualitative inquiries: A research note" (Qualitative Research, 2017).

Published
2017-08-23
How to Cite
Schiek, D. (2017). Poverty Generations: The Biographical Family Interview as a Methodological Key to Research on the Transmission of Poverty. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 18(3). https://doi.org/10.17169/fqs-18.3.2776
Section
Single Contributions