Conducting Interviews During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond


  • Becky Self Liverpool John Moores University



interview modes, Zoom, VoIP, Skype, telephone, qualitative interview, face-to-face, qualitative research


The use of telephone and VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) interviews has become necessary owing to the legal restrictions and safety measures introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic. This has furthered scholarly dialogue surrounding the choice of interview mode, and the assumption that face-to-face interviews are the "gold standard" (NOVICK, 2008, p.397). The general public has also become more accustomed to utilising VoIP in their day-to-day lives. In this article, I discuss this change in communication methods and the impact it could have on interview modes. Nevertheless, the researcher's and participant's contexts remain paramount when deciding which interview mode to employ. For this reason, OLTMANN's (2016) model has been extended to include VoIP, providing a more complete framework for researchers to make an informed decision when contemplating interview modes.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Becky Self, Liverpool John Moores University

Becky SELF is a PhD candidate in the Health Faculty at Liverpool John Moores University. She has a background in sociology, having studied this at Oxford University and the University of Warwick. Becky's research interests include reproductive health and medical ethics, sex work and online identity, and gender socialisation and education.




How to Cite

Self, B. (2021). Conducting Interviews During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond . Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 22(3).