Review: Marilyn Lichtman (2023). Qualitative Research in Education: A User's Guide (4th ed.)


  • James A. Bernauer Robert Morris University



qualitative research, research traditions, qualitative designs, data collection, data analysis


LICHTMAN's 4th edition of "Qualitative Research in Education: A User's Guide" is a timely and clearly-written text that both new and experienced researchers will find useful. Although the title and many of the examples in the text relate to education, this book has applicability across different areas of qualitative inquiry. What is especially appealing is that the book is broken into three distinct phases: 1. Traditions, theory, and practice; 2. Planning your research; 3. Collecting, organizing, and communicating. These sections build on each other and this results in readers being able to actually plan and conduct their own qualitative inquiries. Readers will also find that the examples used throughout the text as well as the appendices complement the clear writing and explicit instruction. For all of these reasons, this text deserves serious consideration for any curriculum where qualitative inquiry is an essential component.


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Author Biography

James A. Bernauer, Robert Morris University

James A. BERNAUER is a retired university professor (awaiting decision of emeritus status) at Robert Morris University which is located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA). He taught both quantitative and qualitative methodology to doctoral students in education and the social sciences. Readers may be interested in accessing his article in FQS to get a better idea about him. He also taught undergraduate education students which he found kept him young but also tired! He continues to write and collaborate with colleagues and former doctoral students because learning and growing is what life is all about.


Agar, Michael H. (1980). The professional stranger: An informal introduction to ethnography. New York, NY: Academic Press.

Bernauer, James A. (2019). Rudy and me: A man and dog's joint exploration of their neighbourhood and implications for the transformation of schooling and education research. Educational Research for Social Change, 8(1), 1-13, [Accessed: March 25, 2023].

Cresswell, John W. & Poth, Cheryl, N. (2018). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (4th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Guba, Egon (1981). Criteria for assessing the trustworthiness of naturalistic inquiries. Econometrics Journal, 29(20), 75-91.

Lichtman, Marilyn (2013). Qualitative research in education: A user's guide (3rd ed.). London: Routledge.




How to Cite

Bernauer, J. A. (2023). Review: Marilyn Lichtman (2023). Qualitative Research in Education: A User’s Guide (4th ed.). Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 24(2).