Q-Sort Technique and Q-Methodology—Innovative Methods for Examining Attitudes and Opinions

Florian H. Müller, Elisabeth Kals


In the German tradition of social sciences Q-method is not well known. Q-method combines both qualitative and quantitative research and is used to examine complex subjective structures like opinions, attitudes and values. This paper presents an introduction to Q-technique and its underlying methodology. The various applications of the method for a qualitative orientated research in the fields of market, opinion and media are also listed. The significance of the method for single case studies, for exploratory cluster analysis and for a combined application of qualitative and quantitative research strategies is emphasized.
URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0402347


Q-sort technique; Q-methodology; Q-factor analysis; single case studies; psychographic clusters; operant subjectivity; qualitative research; marketing research; media research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-5.2.600

Copyright (c) 2004 Florian H. Müller, Elisabeth Kals

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