Call for Papers Special Issue "Challenging Times—Qualitative Methods and Methodological Approaches to Research on Time"
Elisabeth Schilling (University of Applied Administrative Sciences NRW), Alexandra König (University Duisburg-Essen), Maggie O'Neill (University of York).
Time is a concept, which is of interest to a range of different disciplines. In the social sciences time is primarily seen as a social phenomenon or as an element of the social order (BURZAN & SCHÖNECK, 2014; ELIAS, 1992; SCHILLING, 2005). However, the perspectives on time in the social sciences are rather heterogeneous as has been already discussed, e.g. in the FQS special issue on "Time and Discourse" (HANNKEN-ILLJES, KOZIN & SCHEFFER, 2007). Changes in social time relations (ROSA, 2015), time as an instrument of control and power (DELEUZE, 1995; FOUCAULT, 1972, 1975, 1982) and the interdependence of the structures of time and economy (BOURDIEU, 1977) are being discussed on the macro level. There are also a number of studies investigating time practices, subjective time perception and time projections (CARMO, CANTANTE & DE ALMEIDA ALVES, 2014; SCHILLING & KOZIN, 2009) as well as their correlations with certain resources (DRESSEL & LANGREITER, 2008; KÖLBL & STRAUB, 2001; MÜNCH, 2014; ZIMBARDO & BOYD, 2008) on the micro level. Numerous publications in the area of biographical research (LUTZ, SCHIEBEL & TUIDER, 2018; ROBERTS, 2011; ROSENTHAL & BOGNER, 2017) are focused on the meaning of time-related life practices (e.g., specific to a particular social class or cross-generational biographical family patterns), defining biographies as "communicative structuring (...), which use and produce social and individual time" (FISCHER, 2018, p.461, our translation). Changes in time practices have been observed in particular with regard to family life and gender-related inequalities (HEITKÖTTER, JURCZYK, LANGE & MEIER-GRÄWE, 2009; WINGARD, 2007). Furthermore, there is plenty of social research on time in institutions, for example on time spent in the educational system (KING, 2017), the time structures in teaching at school (RABENSTEIN, 2018), the rigid time regime of curricula at universities (LIAO et al., 2013) and changing time structures (O'NEILL, 2014; ROSA, 2015; VOSTAL, 2016). The questions of acceleration, intensification of work in academia and the critical engagement with the problem of slowing down were discussed, e.g., in the FQS special issue on "The Slow University" (O'Neill, Martell, Mendick & Müller, 2014).
Student boredom during lessons (BREIDENSTEIN, 2006) as well as the length of time invested in studies (PIPKIN, 1982) are also time-related matters.
The diversity of qualitative methods and methodological approaches to research on time reflects the thematic breadth within this research field. The planned special issue aims to pool these diverse approaches and discuss their potentials. The following points are possible topics for article submissions:
- Which social theories are useful when researching time?
- How is time documented in observation protocols, interviews or non-verbal data? How is time constructed in different types of research?
- On which implicit theories of time are classical studies based?
- How can we analyze changes in social time structures and people's perception of time?
- How can we investigate time as an instrument of power?
- What are appropriate methods of investigating time-related orientations and time experience?
- Are biographical and creative methods useful when researching time, for example in accelerated academia?
- How can we conceptually and empirically explore the nexus of institutional time orders and individual time experience?
- How can we use time as an indicator of social inequality?
- What is the potential of longitudinal studies in order to investigate questions on time?
We welcome methodological reflections on the indicated and related questions on qualitative time research. You can also submit short field reports, which reflect methodological questions on time and the practical handling of it. Scientists who have not yet worked explicitly on time-related questions are welcome to reflect their field and their research regarding time and its relevance.
All abstracts can be submitted in English and/or German. The review process includes the following steps:
- Abstracts of approximately 200 words should be submitted by the 1st of October 2018. They should be sent to the guest editors: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org and maggie.oneill@York.ac.uk.
- All abstracts will be peer reviewed with decisions on acceptance to be made by the guest editors within one month (November 1, 2018).
- In the case of acceptance, the authors will be invited to submit a full paper (March 1, 2019).
- All submitted papers will be subject to a double-blinded peer review process.
- The publication of the special issue is planned in January 2020.
The special issue builds on discussions within the research network group "Being young—growing older: changing time concepts", which has been funded by the German Research Foundation since 2017. A final conference is planned for 2020, which provides the opportunity to discuss the articles from this FQS special issue with their respective authors.
Abstracts and contributions (including "Reports From the Shopfloor"), should follow the FQS guidelines for authors (http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/about/submissions#authorGuidelines).
Breidenstein, Georg (2006). Teilnahme am Unterricht. Ethnographische Studien zum Schülerjob. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Bourdieu, Pierre (1977). Algérie 60. Structures économiques et structures temporelles. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit.
Burzan, Nicole & Schöneck, Nadine M. (2014). Zeit. In Günter Endruweit, Gisela Trommsdorff & Nicole Burzan (Eds.), Wörterbuch der Soziologie (pp. 638-639). Konstanz: UVK.
Carmo, Renato Miguel; Cantante, Frederico & de Almeida Alves, Nuno (2014). Time projections: Youth and precarious employment. Time & Society, 23(3), 337-357.
Deleuze, Gilles (1995). Negotiations, 1972-1990. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Dressel, Gert & Langreiter, Nikola (2008). Wissenschaftlich Arbeiten – schneller, höher, weiter? Zum (Un-)Verhältnis von Arbeit und Freizeit in den (Kultur-)Wissenschaften. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 9(1), Art. 38, http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-9.1.313 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
Elias, Norbert (1992). Time. An essay. Oxford: Blackwell.
Fischer, Wolfram (2018). Zeit und Biographie. In Helma Lutz, Martina Schiebel & Elisabeth Tuider (Eds.), Handbuch der Biographieforschung (pp.461-472). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
Foucault, Michel (1972). The archeology of knowledge. New York: Pantheon.
Foucault, Michel (1975). Surveiller et punir. La naissance de la prison. Paris: Garrimard.
Foucault, Michel (1982). The subject and power. Critical inquiry, 8(4), 777-795.
Hannken-Illjes, Kati; Kozin, Alexander & Scheffer, Thomas (Eds.) (2007). Time and discourse. Forum: Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 8(1), http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/issue/view/6 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
Heitkötter, Martina; Jurczyk, Karin; Lange, Andreas & Meier-Gräwe, Uta (Eds.) (2009). Zeit für Beziehungen? Zeit und Zeitpolitik für Familien. Opladen: Barbara Budrich.
King, Vera (2017). Die Macht der Dringlichkeiten: vom Umgang mit der Zeit: gesellschaftlicher Wandel und psychische Verarbeitungsmuster. Frankfurt: Forschung, 1, 40-45, http://publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/frontdoor/index/index/year/2017/docId/43715 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
Kölbl, Carlos & Straub, Jürgen (2001). Historical consciousness in youth. Theoretical and exemplary empirical analyses. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 2(3), Art. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-2.3.904 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
Liao, Tim F.; Beckman, Joshua; Marzolph, Emily; Riederer, Caitlin; Sayler, Jeffrey & Schmelkin, Leah (2013). The social definition of time for university students. Time & Society, 22(1), 119-151.
Lutz, Helma; Schiebel, Martina & Tuider, Elisabeth (2018). Einleitung: Ein Handbuch der Biographieforschung. In Helma Lutz, Martina Schiebel & Elisabeth Tuider (Eds.), Handbuch der Biographieforschung (pp.1-8). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
Münch, Anne (2014). "Also dieses enge Korsett ist nicht mehr da." Zur Zeitsouveränität im Alter. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 15(3), Art. 19, http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-15.3.2167 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
O'Neill, Maggie (2014). The slow university: Work, time and well-being. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 15(3), Art. 14, http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-15.3.2226 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
O'Neill, Maggie; Martell, Luke; Mendick, Heather & Müller, Ruth (Eds.) (2014). The slow university. Forum: Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 15(3), http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/issue/view/50 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
Pipkin, Ronald (1982). Moonlighting in law school: A multischool study of part-time employment of full-time students. Law & Social Inquiry, 7(4), 1109-1162.
Rabenstein, Kerstin (2018). Monitoring von Arbeitsprozessen im Unterricht der autonomen Schule als Bürokratisierung von Lernbiografien: Eine explorative Instrumentenanalyse. In Elisabeth Schilling (Eds.), Verwaltete Biografien (pp.27-40). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
Roberts, Brian (2011). Interpreting photographic portraits: Autobiography, time perspectives, and two school photographs. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 12(2), Art. 25, http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-12.2.1687 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
Rosa, Hartmut (2015). Social acceleration. A new theory of modernity. New York, NY: Columbia University Press
Rosenthal, Gabriele & Bogner, Artur (2017). Biographies—discourses—figurations: Methodological considerations from the perspective of social constructivism and figurational sociology. In Gabriele Rosenthal & Artur Bogner (Eds.), Biographies in the Global South. Life stories embedded in figurations and discourses (pp.15-49). Frankfurt/M.: Campus.
Schilling, Elisabeth (2005). Die Zukunft der Zeit: Vergleich von Zeitvorstellungen in Russland und Deutschland im Zeichen der Globalisierung. Aachen: Shaker.
Schilling, Elisabeth & Kozin, Alexander (2009). Migrants and their experiences of time: Edward T. Hall revisited. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 10(1), Art. 35, http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-10.1.1237 [Date of access: May 22, 2018].
Vostal, Filip (2016). Accelerating academia. The changing structure of academic time. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wingard, Leah (2007). Constructing time and prioritizing activities in parent-child interaction. Discourse & Society, 18(12), 75-91.
Zimbardo, Philip & Boyd, John (2008). The time paradox: The new psychology of time that will change your life. New York, NY: Free Press.