The Problem-centered Interview

  • Andreas Witzel
Keywords: inquiry, evaluation, deduction, induction, narration, dialogue, semi-structured interview, problem-centered interview

Abstract

The problem-centered interview (PZI) is a theory-generating method that tries to neutralize the alleged contradiction between being directed by theory or being open-minded so that the interplay of inductive and deductive thinking contributes to increasing the user's knowledge. The appropriate communication strategies aim firstly at the representation of the subjective approach to the problem, secondly the stimulated narratives are enriched by dialogues employing imaginative and semi-structured prompts. Theoretical knowledge develops by using elastic concepts that are further developed during the analysis by employing empirical analysis and which will be refined by "testing" empirically grounded "hypotheses" with the data. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0001228

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Author Biography

Andreas Witzel
Andreas WITZEL (http://www.qualitative-research.net/fqs/beirat/witzel-d.htm), Dr. phil., Dipl.-Psych.; geboren 1945; Studium in Regensburg und Darmstadt; wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter an der Universität Bremen; seit 1990 im Sonderforschungsbereich 186 "Statuspassagen und Risikolagen im Lebensverlauf" (hierzu weitere Informationen unter: http://www.sfb186.uni-bremen.de). Interessen: Berufliche und vorberufliche Sozialisationsforschung, insbesondere Umgangsweisen Jugendlicher und junger Erwachsener mit ihrer Berufsbiographie und Verarbeitungsweisen gesellschaftlicher Realität; Methoden der interpretativen Sozialforschung, insbesondere qualitative Interview- und Auswertungsverfahren und Verknüpfung qualitativer und quantitativer Methoden.
Published
2000-01-31

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