Qualitative Content Analysis Within Empirical Educational Research. Possible Applications in a Secondary Longitudinal Study for the Identification of Reorganization Patterns of School Organizations

  • Barbara Muslic Freie Universität Berlin
  • Anne Gisske Bergische Universität Wuppertal
  • Viola Hartung-Beck Fachhochschule Dortmund
Keywords: qualitative content analysis, longitudinal data, school case study, within-case analysis, cross-case analysis, case-based topic matrix, typification, school organization, school improvement, inductive category development, interview

Abstract

Qualitative school case studies have for years played an increasing role in the area of empirical education research. In this context, qualitative content analysis has established itself as the main analytical procedure. In this article, we use the example of the interview study "Data-Based School Development Processes for the Reorganization of School" to explain the contribution qualitative content analysis can make in the evaluation of longitudinal interview data (n=351) for the identification of reorganization patterns in school organizations (28 schools). Here, the coding frame constitutes the basis for structuring each (school) case study as a case summary or, rather, analysis and typification. It is assumed that this procedure takes both the comparability (through the method-intrinsic focus on the systematization of the material) as well as the analytical scope through the structured procedure into account. From our perspective, this is possible, if our own further development of qualitative content analysis based on KUCKARTZ (2016), are taken into account. In this article, we show the advantages of this procedure as a method for rule-based interpretative analysis of longitudinal data, while also highlighting the limitations (e.g., in the interpretation) within the study design as presented here.

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Author Biographies

Barbara Muslic, Freie Universität Berlin

Barbara MUSLIC ist Post Doc am Arbeitsbereich Schulpädagogik/Schulentwicklungsforschung der Freien Universität Berlin und Leiterin des von dem BMBF geförderten Projekts "Datenbasierte Personalentwicklung an Schulen (DaPerS)". Ihre Forschungsinteressen liegen in den Bereichen der (qualitativen) Schulorganisationsforschung sowie der Schulentwicklungs- und Schulleitungsforschung.

Anne Gisske, Bergische Universität Wuppertal

Anne GISSKE war wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin im DFG-Projekt "DaproRe" am Standort FH Dortmund. Zudem ist sie wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin und Doktorandin in der School of Education am Institut für Bildungsforschung der Bergischen Universität Wuppertal. Ihre Forschungsinteressen liegen im Bereich der qualitativen Sozialforschung, deren Gütekriterien und der Schulentwicklung.

Viola Hartung-Beck, Fachhochschule Dortmund

Viola HARTUNG-BECK ist Professorin für empirische Forschungsmethoden, insbesondere qualitative Methoden an der Fachhochschule Dortmund am Fachbereich Angewandte Sozialwissenschaften und Leiterin des von der DFG geförderten Projekts "DaproRe" am Standort Dortmund. Ihre Forschungsinteressen liegen in den Bereichen der Weiterentwicklung qualitativer Forschungsperspektiven und der schulischen Organisationsforschung.

Published
2020-01-28
How to Cite
Muslic, B., Gisske, A., & Hartung-Beck, V. (2020). Qualitative Content Analysis Within Empirical Educational Research. Possible Applications in a Secondary Longitudinal Study for the Identification of Reorganization Patterns of School Organizations. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.17169/fqs-21.1.3451
Section
Discipline-Specific Approaches to Qualitative Content Analysis